Works List

This list of works has been compiled by Monty Adkins with input from Richard Andrewes (Cambridge University Library), Olga Ger (Institut d’Estudis Valls), Samuel Llano, Rachel Mann, Leticia Sánchez de Andrés, Julian White and the composer catalogues of the Biblioteca de Catalunya, Cambridge University Library, Royal Shakespeare Company Archive and BBC.

TitleDateInstrumentationMovementsNotes
Lied ‘Still Mitternacht ein losgelassner Wind’c.1913–14Soprano and pianoText in German, author unknown
Sonatine a Carlos1914Solo piano
Tot ella es una flor y Canço Trista1914Soprano and pianoManuscript lost
Vom Strande1914Soprano and pianoManuscript lost
En Camins1915Soprano and pianoManuscript lost
L’infantament meravellós de Schahrazada1916–17Soprano and piano1. Les roses de les temples de l’amiga
2. Jove flautista
3. Sola l’amplada del teu rostre
4. Si els teus cavells son negres como la nit
5. Perquè la por del soroll l’esgarrifa
6. El repòs del teu rull damunt del front
7. Jo t’he donat el meu cor
8. Jo soc el vas del teu secret
9. Un crit del mercat
10. Igual que la mar fosforescent
11. Melodiós com entre mig d’arbredes
12. Enamorat incaut
Text in Catalan by Josep Maria López-Picó. In a letter to Colin Mason, 31 Jan 1962, Gerhard states that the cycle was ‘written in “a go” during the Spring and Summer of 1916’. However, in an interview in 1929, Gerhard said that he composed these songs in 1917 (Girasol, ‘Una conversa amb Robert Gerhard’, La Publicitat, 3 December 1929). The cycle was premiered in June 1917.
Festeig1916–17Soprano and pianoText by Joan Maragall
Mitjanit a la muntanya1916–17Soprano and pianoText in Catalan, author unknown
Cors bategants1916–17Soprano and pianoText by Otto Jolius Bierbaum, translated into Catalan by Josep Lleonart
Un vianant amb pas lleugerc.1916–20Soprano and pianoText in Catalan, author unknown
Verger de les galanies1917–20Soprano and piano1. Canço d’un doble amor
2. Excelsior
Text in Catalan by Josep Carner
Piano Trio No. 1 in B major1917–18Violin, cello, and piano
Piano Trio No. 2 in Ab Major1918–19Violin, cello, and piano
Dos Apunts1922Solo piano
7 Hai-kai1922, rev. 1958Soprano, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, and pianoText by J. M. Junoy. Revised version for male or female voice and above instruments retitled as 7 Haiku (1958)
Divertimento1926Wind quintet, also version for double wind quintet (both versions incomplete)
Suite for winds, strings and piano1927Bassoon, horn, trumpet, piano, violin, viola, and cello1. Sevillana
2. El conde Sol
Canço del goig perdut1927Soprano and pianoText in Catalan by Josep Carner. This song was later included in Cançons i Arietes (1936)
14 Cançons populars catalanes1928-29Soprano and piano1. La calandria
2. La mort I la donzella
3. El petit vailet
4. El Cotiló
5. Enemic de les dones
6. Els ballaires dins un sac
7. Cançó del lladre
8. La cinta daurade
9. L’escolta
10. La tornada del pelegrí
11. La cita
12. El carboneret
13. La comtessa de Floris
14. Cançó de batre
Gerhard chose eight of the songs to be premiered as the Vuit Cançons Populars Catalanes by soprano Conxita Badia on 22 December 1929 at the Palau de la Música Catalana in a concert dedicated to Gerhard’s works organized by the Associazione de Música da Camera. The songs performed were 1. La comtessa de Floris, 2. L’escolta, 3. La Calàndria, 4. Cançó de lladre, 5. Enemic de les dones, 6. La mort i la donzella, 7. El petit vailet, 8. Els ballaires dins un sac. Gerhard chose six for publication as the Sis Cançons populars catalanes. These six songs were later orchestrated in 1931.
Sonata, for clarinet and piano1928Clarinet and piano
Wind Quintet1928Flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, and horn
Sardana No. 11928–29Flute, 2 tenoras, 2 fiscorns (bass flugelhorns), 2 trumpets, 2 trombones, and double bass (Cobla ensemble)
Sardana No. 21928–29Flute, tenora, tenor saxophone, bassoon, cornet, horn, fiscorn (bass flugelhorn), trombone, double bass, and percussion (Cobla ensemble)
Andantino1928–29Clarinet, violin, and piano
Concertino for String Orchestra1929String orchestraArrangement/recomposition of early String Quartet No. 3 (1927–8). Gerhard composed three early string quartets. According to Diego Alonso Tomás the dates for these are 1914–17 and early 1920s respectively. However, both were left unfinished and no scores or sketches have survived. The third quartet was composed whilst Gerhard was a student of Schoenberg.
Les vídues vulgars1930Soprano, contralto, and pianoText in Catalan by Josep Carner
La fulla i el núvolc.1930–33Soprano and pianoText in Catalan by Josep Carner. This work has been assigned as early 1930s. However, the manuscript paper of the Cambridge University Library holograph is on French paper on which Gerhard also wrote Soirées de Barcelone (1936–9), suggesting that Gerhard worked on this in 1938 during his time in Paris before moving to Cambridge.
Sis Cançons Populars Catalanes1931Soprano and orchestra1. La calàndria
2. La mort i la donzella
3. El petit vailet
4. El cotiló
5. Enemic de les dones
6. Els ballaires dins un sac
Orchestration of selected poems from earlier work for voice and piano
Madrigal a Sitges1931Soprano and pianoText in Catalan by Josep Carner
L’Alta Naixença del Rei en Jaume1931–32Soprano, baritone, chorus, and orchestraText in Catalan and English by Josep Carner
Lassa, mesquina, què faré?1932Soprano and pianoText in Catalan by Pere Serafí. Piano part transcribed, in 1996, by Carme Passoles
Ariel1934OrchestraBallet scenario by J. V. Foix, stage designs by Joan Miró. There is a previous draft by Gerhard of this ballet with the title Contrapunct
Ventallc.1935Soprano and pianoText in Catalan by Ventura Gassol
Cançons i arietes1936Soprano and pianoGerhard put the songs Verger and Canço del goig perdut together giving them the new title Cançons i arietes
Albada, Interludi i Dansa1936Orchestra
Soirées de Barcelone1936–39PianoBallet scenario by Ventura Gassol, original title Le Feux de la Saint Jean. Piano score complete, almost fully orchestrated by Gerhard but abandoned. Orchestration completed by Malcolm MacDonald in 1995–6.
Sardana No. 11940Brass bandArrangement of Sardana No. 1 (1928–29)
Don Quixote1940–41OrchestraBallet scenario by Roberto Gerhard after Miguel de Cervantes
Don Quixote (Suite No. 1)1941OrchestraOrchestra suite from ballet music
Alegrias de Jerez19412 pianosChoreography by Elsa Brunelleschi for one dancer (Sara Luzita). The title is often prefixed with ‘Spanish Dance’. This piece was incorporated into Divertissement. Alegrías was commissioned in 1941 by the Ballet Rambert. The specification was that the music should be in the flamenco style. The Alegrías de Jerez for two pianos was premiered and received several performances throughout 1941 as part of Divertissement a collection of arrangements for two pianos of traditional music and Exorcism by Fire (Manuel de Falla). The listings of these works in extant programmes interchange ‘Spanish Dances’ and ‘Divertissement’ with different collections of pieces being performed on each occasion of the 13 performances between May–September 1941. In 1943 Elsa Brunelleschi choreographed Flamenco for seven dancers which received four performances in July–August 1943 based on selected movements from Divertissement. Gerhard’s concert work Alegrías suite for orchestra comprised four movements from the music for Divertissement/Flamenco and was written in 1942 according to Gerhard’s note on MS.Gerhard.4.40 (Cambridge University Library) and was first performed on 4 April 1944 for a BBC studio recording in London, by the BBC Theatre Orchestra, conducted by Stanford Robinson.
Divertissement19412 pianosBallet scenario devised for Sara Luzita. Traditional music arranged by Gerhard (includes the Alegrías de Jerez) and arrangement of music by Manuel de Falla
Symphony ‘Homenaje a Pedrell’1941Orchestra
Cancionero de Pedrell1941Soprano and piano1. La ximbomba
2. La mal maridada
3. Laieta
4. Soledad
5. Muera yo …
6. Farruquiño
7. Alalá
8. Corrandes
After folksongs collected by Felipe Pedrell
Cancionero de Pedrell1941Soprano and 13 instrumentsOrchestration of work of the same title for voice and piano
Por do Pasaré la Sierra1942Soprano and pianoText in Spanish by Gil Vicente
Seis Tonadillas1942Soprano and pianoTexts in Spanish, authors unknown. Arrangements of songs by de Esteve, Laserna, Valledor, Palomino, and Galván
Spanish Madrigals1942Arrangements of Ribera, Guerrero, Beson, Navarro, Hidalgo, Correa, Patino, and Romero
Siete canciones de vihuela1942Soprano and pianoTexts in Spanish, authors unknown. Songs composed from pieces by L. de Milán, D. Pisador, E. de Valderrábando, and J. Vásquez
Alegrías (Suite)1942Orchestra1. Preámbulo
2. Jácara
3. Farruca
4. Jaleo
Orchestral version of four dances from Flamenco (1941)
Pandora1942-432 pianos and percussionBallet scenario by Kurt Jooss
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra1942–5, rev. 1949Solo violin and orchestra
Cante Jondo1943Soprano and piano1. Rondeña
2. Boleras sevillanas
3. Malagueña
4. Zapateado
Popular texts in Spanish. The second song is often performed on its own titled ‘Sevillanas’
Flamenco19432 pianosBallet choreography by Elsa Brunelleschi for seven dancers. This work incorporates Alegrías de Jerez (1941) and materials from Divertissement (1941)
Cádiz1943OrchestraComposed as Juan Serrallonga. Based on a zarzuela by Federico Chueca and Joaquín Valverde
Gigantes y Cabezudos1943OrchestraComposed as Juan Serrallonga. Based on a zarzuela by Manuel Fernández Caballero
La Viejecita1943OrchestraComposed as Juan Serrallonga. Based on a zarzuela by Manuel Fernández Caballero
Tres Canciones Toreras1943Voice and piano1. Corrida
2. El capeador
3. Elogio al torero Manuel Domínguez
Arrangements from unknown composers. Composed as Juan Serrallonga.
Tres Canciones Toreras1943Voice and orchestraOrchestration of work of the same title for voice and piano. Composed as Juan Serrallonga.
Engenho Novo1943Voice and orchestraOrchestration of Cinco Canções Nordestinas by Ernani Braga
Cristóbal Colón1943–44OrchestraIncidental music for radio. Radio play by Salvador de Madariaga. This incidental music also includes Three Pieces for Small Orchestra (1943), orchestration of selected pieces by Franz Schubert including the ‘Rondo’ from the Piano Sonata in D, D.850, ‘March Militaire’ No.1 in D major, D.733, and ‘Marche Caractéristique’ No.1 in C Major, D.886.
The Adventures of Don Quixote1943-44Flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn, trumpet, trombone, tuba, timpani, percussion, 2 pianos, stringsIncidental music for BBC Radio in seven parts. Arranged for broadcasting by Eric Linklater from incidents by Miguel de Cervantes
Music for Pandora19442 pianos and percussionAbridged version of original ballet in six movements
Six French Folksongsc.1944–56Soprano and piano1. Voici le mois de Mai
2. Les cloches de Guérande
3. Un rossignol vint sur ma main
4. La plus jeunette
5. La valse de Lauterbach
6. Me suis mise en danse
Popular texts in French
Pandora1945OrchestraOrchestral version of ballet
Pandora (Suite)1945OrchestraOrchestral suite in six movements, from original ballet music
The Duenna1945–47OrchestraOpera in 3 acts based on a play by Richard B. Sheridan
Romeo and Juliet1947Flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn, trumpet, trombone, timpani, percussion, piano, stringsIncidental music for theatre (play by William Shakespeare)
Don Quixote, (Suite No. 2)1947–49OrchestraFrom original ballet music
Dances from Don Quixote1947Solo piano
Sonata, for viola and piano1948Viola and pianoReworked as Cello Sonata
Cymbeline1949OrchestraIncidental music for theatre (play by William Shakespeare)
Capriccio1949Solo flute
Background Patterns 1c.1950–55Harp, celesta, xylophone, and stringsThese two works are assigned the shelf number BBC: TO 1438 between Boleras, for soprano and orchestra (except from The Duenna) BBC: TO 1437 and El trébole for soprano, chorus and orchestra BBC: TO 1439.
Background Patterns 2c.1950–552 flutes, harp, timpani, tom-toms, and stringsThese two works are assigned the shelf number BBC: TO 1438 between Boleras, for soprano and orchestra (except from The Duenna) BBC: TO 1437 and El trébole for soprano, chorus and orchestra BBC: TO 1439.
El trébolec.1950-55Soprano, chorus, orchestra, text anonBBC: TO 1439, probably an orchestration of a song and chorus from Guridi’s zarzuela ‘El caserio’
Three Impromptus1950Solo piano
Pandora (Suite)1950OrchestraOrchestral suite in five movements, from original ballet music
Don Quixote1950OrchestraVersion for performance at Covent Garden, 1950—shorter than the original full ballet, but includes four newly written ‘Interludes’ to cover scene-changes
String Quartet No. 11950–552 violins, viola, and cello
Concerto for Piano and String Orchestra1951Solo piano and string orchestra
Study for Secret People1951–52Clarinet, violin, and piano
Secret People1951–52Piccolo, oboe, cor anglais, 2 clarinets, bassoon, trumpet, tuba, percussionFilm music (dir. Thorold Dickinson)
War in The Air1952OrchestraIncidental music for five-part television documentary
Symphony No. 11952–53Orchestra
Conquistador1953Flute, clarinet, horn, trumpet, piano, percussion, violin, celloIncidental music for radio (radio play by Archibald McLeish)
The Taming of the Shrew1953Flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, 2 trumpets, harp, guitar, timpani, percussion, stringsIncidental music for theatre (play by William Shakespeare)
Pedrelliana (En memòria)1954OrchestraRevised version of 3rd movement of Symphony ‘Homenaje a Pedrell’ (1941)
A Midsummer Night’s Dream1954Incidental music for theatre (Shakespeare)
Spanish Theatre Music1954Voice and piano1. Bailete de comedia del Retiro (anon.)
2. Yo te quiero, Gileta (Sebastián Durón)
3. Buscaba el amor (Juan de Navas)
4. No piense Menguilla (José Marín)
5. Ay qué mal (Francisco Berxés)
6. Bosque frondoso (Antonio Literes)
7. No has que decir el primor (anon.)
8. Tirana del Zarandillo (Pablo Esteve y Grimau)
9. El canapé (José Palomino)
10. Un oficial de guerra (Ventura Galván)
Arrangements of 17th- and 18th-century songs made for the BBC radio programme, ‘Heritage of Spain’. It is possible that a number of these arrangements were made before 1954 and their inclusion in the Heritage of Spain, first broadcast on 10 February 1954 manuscript paper used is the same as that used by Gerhard for other compositions between 1938 and 1943.
The Akond of Swat1954Mezzo soprano and 2 percussionistsText by Edward Lear
El Barberillo de Lavapiés1954OrchestraOpera arrangement and orchestration of the Zarzuela (1874) by Francisco Barbieri, composed as Juan Serrallonga
La Celestina1954Flute, 2 oboes, cor anglaise, bassoon, heckelphone, horn, timpani, percussion, guitar with songs for soprano (Calisto) and tenor (Sempronio) with guitarIncidental music for radio (adaption by Peter Duval Smith of the play ‘La Celestina’ or ‘The tragi-comedy of Calisto and Melibea’ by Fernando de Rojas
The Prisoner1954Chamber ensemble and tapeIncidental music for theatre (play by Bridget Boland). In the incidental works Gerhard recorded instrumental and tape ‘cues’. The scores and tapes held in the Cambridge University Library need to be studied in tandem to comprehend the full set of ‘cues’ produced for each work.
L’Etranger1954Flute/piccolo, oboe, cor anglaise, clarinet, bassoon, trumpet, trombone, accordion, timpani, percussionIncidental music for radio (adaption of book by Albert Camus)
Lamparilla1954OrchestraOverture written on themes by Francisco Barbieri for the BBC arrangement of El Barberillo de Lavapiés. The title Lamparilla is listed in Gerhard’s copyright assignment of November 1954.
King Lear1955Piccolo, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn, trumpet, trombone, timpani, percussion, harp, viola, 3 cellos, double bass, tapeIncidental music for theatre (play by William Shakespeare)
A Leak in the Universe1955Accordion, viola, percussion, piano, tapeIncidental music for radio (radio play by Ivor A. Richards)
Separate Tables1955Incidental music for play, Haymarket Theatre
You Know What People Are1955Incidental music for television production (play by J. B. Priestley)
Concerto for Harpsichord, String Orchestra and Percussion1955–56Solo harpsichord, percussion, and string orchestra
Sardana No. 11956Flute (or piccolo), 2 oboes, cor anglaise, 2 clarinets, bassoon, 2 horns, trumpet (or cornet), trombone, tuba, percussionArrangement of Sardana No. 1 (1928–9) for woodwind, brass, and percussion. In the manuscript of this arrangement at Cambridge University Library it is titled “Sardana II”. The original Sardana No. 2 (1928–9) has never been arranged.
Sonata for cello and piano1956Cello and pianoReworking of Viola Sonata (1948)
Cantares1956Soprano and guitar1. La Indita
2. El Toro
3. La Ausencia
4. Un Galán y su Morena
5. La Lobada
6. La Muerte y la Doncella
7. Reinas de la Baraja
Seven songs on Spanish popular themes
Maria Stuart19563 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, percussionIncidental music for radio (play by Schiller)
Good Morning Midnight1956TapeIncidental music for radio (play by Jean Rhys)
Nonet1956–57Wind quintet, trumpet, trombone, tuba, and accordion
Dances from Don Quixote1957Orchestra
Fantasia1957Solo guitar
The Unexpected Country1957TapeIncidental music for radio (play by Olwen Wymark)
The Revenge for Love1957Guitar, harp, percussion, 3 violins, viola, cello, double bassIncidental music for radio (play by Wyndham Lewis)
Symphony No. 21957–59Orchestra
All Aboard1958Clarinet, accordion, piano, 2 percussion, tapeMusic for animated short film (for Bowater Company)
Your Skin1958Accordion, guitar, percussion, tapeMusic for documentary film (for Unilever)
Pericles, Prince of Tyre1958Mezzo soprano, tenor, baritone, chorus, orchestra, tapeIncidental music for theatre (play by Shakespeare)
Audiomobile ‘Capriccio in the Manner of Goya’1958–59Tape
Coriolanus1959TapeIncidental music for theatre (play by William Shakespeare)
Asylum Diary1959TapeIncidental music for radio (text by Christine Lavant)
Don Carlos1959Harpsichord, organIncidental music for radio (play by Friedrich Schiller)
Lament for the death of a Bullfighter1959Speaker and tapeRadiophonic work, poem by Federico Garcia Lorca, translated by A.L. Lloyd
Chaconne1959Solo violin
Symphony No. 3 ‘Collages’1960Orchestra and tape
Audiomobile No. 3 ‘Sculpture’1960–61Tape, made from recordings of a sculpture by John YoungmanA final Version II may be later (c.1967) as Gerhard continued to work on the series. Audiomobile 1 only appears once in the tape collection. See tape CUL_OR_0361 On the spool is written ‘Audiomobile 1 (Sculpture) full track 15ips’. However, the materials on the tape are multilevel compounds—a term Gerhard used to indicate the final materials that he would use for a work but before the final assembly—and appear to be recorded at 7.5ips. Although an edited version of this was released (See Roberto Gerhard, Electronic Explorations from his Studio + The BBC Radiophonic Workshop, (Sub Rosa, Belgium, SR378), 2014.) it cannot be considered in the catalogue of Gerhard’s completed works.
String Quartet No. 21960–622 violins, viola, and cello
The Cherry Orchard1961Chamber ensemble and tapeIncidental music for theatre (play by Anton Chekhov)
The Overcoat1961Baritone, mens chorus, guitar, accordion, violin, tapeIncidental music for radio (radio adaptation of Nikolai Gogol)
Woyzeck1961Soprano, baritone, soprano chorus, flute (piccolo), oboe, clarinet, bassoon, accordion, horn, trumpet, trombone, tuba, percussionIncidental music for radio (radio production of play by Georg Buchner)
Caligula19613 flutes/piccolos, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, mandolin, 2 percussionIncidental music for radio (radio adaptation of play by Albert Camus)
Interludes and Arias from The Duenna1961Mezzo-soprano and orchestraFrom The Duenna (1947) for BBC Proms performance
Caligula1961TapeSeparate electronic piece from material not used in incidental music. Although sharing the same title as the incidental music for the Albert Camus radio play, this is a separate electronic piece most likely made from material not used in incidental music. The final incidental music score for the Camus play is for instruments only.
Macbeth1962Chamber ensemble and tapeIncidental music for theatre (play by William Shakespeare)
The Tower1962Piccolo, trumpet, tuba, guitar, percussion, organIncidental music for radio (radio production of play by Hugo von Hofmannsthal’s play)
The World’s Great Stage1962Soprano, contralto, tenor, oboe 1, oboe 2 (cor anglais), trumpet, trombone, harp, percussion, accordion, piano (celeste)Incidental music for radio (play by Pedro Calderón)
Concert for Eight1962Flute, clarinet, mandolin, guitar, accordion, percussion, piano, and double bass
Hymnody1963Flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, trumpet, trombone, tuba, 2 percussionists, and 2 pianos
The Philosopher’s Den19632 flutes, 2 horns, 2 bassoons, mandolin, guitar, 2 percussion & accordionIncidental music for radio (radio adaptation of play by Zbigniew Herbert)
DNA in Reflection1963TapeAudiomobile No. 2 ‘DNA’ (audio only version). Extracts from DNA in Reflection were published by Southern Music Library in 1964. Ten extracts (sometimes erroneously titled 10 Pieces for Tape c.1961) were chosen and eight published on the commercial release.
This Sporting Life1963OrchestraFilm music (directed by Lindsay Anderson)
The Plague1963–64Soprano, Bass, Soprano and Alto chorus, orchestra and tapeIncidental music for radio (radio adaptation of play by Robert Graves)
Funnyhouse of a Negro1964Clarinet/bass clarinet, trumpet, percussion, and organIncidental music for radio (radio adaptation of play by Adrienne Kennedy)
Macbeth1964Piano and 3 percussion1. The Witches Scene
2. Banquo’s Ghost
Incidental music for two scenes for television anthology (play by William Shakespeare)
The Count of Monte Cristo1964Flute/piccolo, oboe/cor anglais, clarinet, accordion, trumpet, percussion, piano/harpsichord, double bass, 2 sopranos (for one duet only)Incidental music for television (adaptation of novel by Alexandre Dumas)
For Whom the Bell Tolls1965Solo guitarIncidental music for radio (radio adaptation of novel by Ernest Hemingway)
Concerto for Orchestra1965Orchestra
Epithalamion1966, rev. 1969Orchestra
The Man Born to be King1966OrchestraIncidental music for radio (radio play by Dorothy L. Sayers)
Gemini1966Violin and pianoOriginal title was Duo Concertante
Claustrophilia, a page for John Cage1966Harps, radios, and live electronics
Symphony No. 4 ‘New York’1967Orchestra
Metamorphoses1967–68OrchestraUnfinished reworking of Symphony No. 2
Libra1968Flute (doubling piccolo), clarinet, guitar, percussion, piano, and violin
Leo1969Flute (doubling piccolo), clarinet, horn, trumpet, trombone, 2 percussionists, piano (doubling celeste), violin, and violoncello
Symphony No. 51968–69OrchestraUnfinished, sketches only